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Indonesian Planters Association for Research and Development (IPARD)
Asosiasi Penelitian Perkebunan Indonesia





During 1886, there are three research institutes established by the sugar factories in Java, namely Proefstation voor suikerriet in West Java, in Cirebon through Gouverment Besluit No. 2, July 23 1886, het Proefstation Midden Java in Semarang through Gouverment Besluit No. 217, November 22 1886, and Het Proefstation Oost Java Pasuruan through Gouverment Besluit No. 31, July 8 1887. After simplification and merger, these three institutions combined in 1921, and in 1943 continued by Togyo Shikensho under the supervision of Japanese military administration. After the Japanese left Indonesia, during the years 1847-1957, those sugar research institutions managed by the Indonesian sugar mills. After the nationalization of plantations owned by the Dutch, this institution managed by the Coordinating Board and the Organization of Plantation Society and was named Balai Penyelidikan Perusahaan Perkebunan Gula (BP3G) since December 10, 1957.

In 1901, the Bogor Botanical Gardens researched tea, coffee, tobacco, and rubber. At the same year, cocoa planters in Central Java founded Proefstation voor Cocoa in Salatiga which commodity coverage expanded into Algemeen Proefstation voor de Bergcultures, Sukabumi planters built Proefstation voor Thee through Gouverment Besluit No. 16 dated 13 April 1902. To Bridge the distance gap between the location of the plantation with its research institutions, then Algement Proefstation voor de Bergcultures and Proefstation voor Thee disbanded, and then replaced by four research institutions, namely: Proefstation voor Rubber and Algemeen Proefstation voor Thee in Bogor, Malang Proefstation in Malang and Besoekisch Proefstation in Jember. On 31 May 1911, the Government of The Dutch East Indies established Proefstation voor Kina in Pengalengan, West Java, through Gouverment Besluit No. 35.

Tea Research Institute is funded by the Vereniging Algemeen Proefstation voor Thee. After the financial crisis in 1925, Algemeen Ladbouw Syndicaat (ALS) is born to fund the research institution plantations in Java, with the exception of sugar research. It turned out that this way can not overcome the problem, so the Crisis Cultuur Ordonanties 1933 (stbl. 1933 Nos. 202-209) is applied, to establish a special governing agency for those three research centers through Gouvermeet Besluit No. 2 dated May 4, 1933. This governing agency then called Centrale Vereniging tot Beheer van Proefstatiion voor der Overjarige Cultures in Nederlandsxh - Indie (CPV), which picked up contributions under public law (mandatory), to meet the operational costs of the those research institution. Furthermore, Proefstation West Java transformed into CPV Bogor, Proefstation Midden Oost Java into CPV Malang, and Besoekisch Proefstation into CPV Jember. In 1952, these three research centers merged and named Proefstation der CPV and its headquarters is located in Bogor.

In Sumatra, 1916, Algemeen Proefstation der AVROS (APA) is founded by the plantation companies incorporated in the Algemeen Vereniging Rubber Planters Ooskust van Sumatera (AVROS). In 1941, AVROS in company with Bond van Eigenaren van Netherland-Indische Rubber Ondernemingen forming autonomous agency in charge of developing the research and the use of natural rubber, which is called the Netherlands Indische Instituut voor Rubber Onderzoek Stichting (NIRO Stichting) which in charge of a bureau called INIRO.


After nationalization period in 1957, APA is managed by Gabungan Perusahaan Perkebunan Sumatera (GAPPERSU) and changed its name to RISPA (Research Institute of Sumatra Planters Association). In the same year, CPV der Proefstation Bogor converted into Balai Penyelidikan Perkebunan Bogor , which includes sub-bureau Jember Farming Research Center. In September 1963, the Badan Pimpinan Umum(BPU) under Perseroan Perkebunan Negara (PPN), rubber-PPN, establishing Rubber Research Center (RRC) in Tanjung Morawa for Sumatera region and in the Java region Cinyiruan and better known as Marihat Research Station. Cinyiruan Research Center to continue research in tea and chincona, and Getas Research Center to conducts research in rubber.

Perseroan Perkebunan Negara (PPN) regrouping occur in September 1968 which is based on its commodities and areas so that those research institutions are handed-over to some PPN as the leader. In 1968 RISPA is converted Balai Penelitian Perkebunan Medan , while Bogor Agriculture Research Center, through the decree of Minister of Agriculture No. 366/Kpts/Org/XII/1968 dated December 31, 1968. Tea and Chincona Reseach Center (Balai Penelitian Teh dan Kina - BPTK) established in 1973 under the decree of Minister of Agriculture No. 14/Kpts/UM/1973 dated January 10 1973. In 1981 also established Sembawa Estate Research Center and Sungei Putih Estate Research Center (Minister of Agriculture Decree No. 786/Kpts/Org/9/1981). In the same year, Marihat Research Station transformed into Marihat Research Center in 1982 and also founded the Coconut Research Center is located in Galang, North Sumatera.

In line with the changes that have occurred since the nationalization program, the management and funding for plantation research activities also went through some major adjustments. In 1957-1964, the management carried out by the Badan Koordinasi Perkumpulan dan Organisasi Perkebunan, in the period 1965-1967 managed by Yayasan Dana Penelitian Pendidikan Perkebunan, in the period 1968-1970 with a fund managed Cess, in the period 1971-1975 is managed by a Dewan Pembinan Balai Penelitian Litbang Perkebunan with also a fund managed Cess, in the period 1975-1980 is managed by the The Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (IAARD), and in the period 1980-1986 conducted by the Central Board of Agriculture Research Center at a cost of government and the Perusahaan Negara Perkebunan (PNP).


Funding system mentioned above lead several obstacles due to: (i) the difficulty of government to fund ex-Dutch research stations which status are not Indonesian civil servant, (ii) the burden of PNP in case of double financing of research stations and research centers that conduct activities the same commodity, and (iii) low efficiency and managing costs. Efforts to overcome this obstacle have been conducted in 1987. Asosiasi Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan Indonesia (AP3I) is formed whose members are state-owned plantations, private plantation companies and close collaboration with the government. Under the Decree of the Minister of Agriculture No. 823/Kpts/KB/8110/II/89, management and funding of research and development activities for plantation commodity submitted to AP3I. Research institutions submitted to AP3I includes 10 research centers, the Center for Agriculture Research (Puslitbun) Bogor handles advanced-research, Puslitbun Sungei Putih for rubber research, Puslitbun Tanjung Morawafor rubber research, Puslitbun Getas for rubber research, Puslitbun Medan and Puslitbun Marihatfor oil palm research, Puslitbun Bandar Kuala for coconut research, Puslitbun Gambung for tea and chincona research, as well as Puslitbun Jember for coffee and cocoa research. To master the economic and marketing aspects, Pusat Penelitian dan Pengkajian Agribisnin (P2PA) is formed by AP3I through TAP RA AP3I No. 12/ra/1989 and Secretary of Agriculture Memorandum No. 05.210/145/MM/IX/89.

In order to perform better coordination, reorganizing of research institutions is conducted in 1992 based on its commodity. Since then, Puslitbun Jember is changed into Indonesian Coffee dan Cocoa Research Institutes (ICCRI), Puslitbun Gambung became Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona (RITC), Puslitbun Medan ; Puslitbun Marihat ; Puslitbun Bandar Kuala became Indonesian Oil Palm Research Institute (IOPRI), Puslitbun Getas; Puslitbun Sembawa ; Puslitbun Sungei Putih and Puslitbun Bogor became Indonesian Rubber Research Institute (IRRI). Research center which is a combination of several puslitbun, defined as research station which in the organization structure is under research center. In order to follow technological developments, Farming Research Section Puslitbun Bogor modified the Research Center for Biotechnology of Plantation through Decree DPH AP3I No. 084/Kpts/DPH/XII/1992 at the end of 1992.

On February 1, 1996, AP3I and Asosiasi Penelitian Perkebunan Gula Indonesia (AP3GI) merged into one association with the name of Asosiasi Penelitian Perkebunan Indonesia (APPI) or Indonesian Planters Association for Research and Development (IPARD). APPI be compossed of State-Owned Enterprises and private owned company that have one research station Balai Penelitian Perusahaan Perkebunan Gula (BP3G) in Pasuruan, which in 1987 was named Indonesian Sugar Research Intitutes (ISRI). Reorganization then conducted, which manages five APPI research centers, namely: IOPRI, IRRI, RITC, ICCRI and ISRI. Biotechnology Research Center submitted under the coordination of Indonesian Biotechnology Research Institute for Estate Crops (IBRIEC), while P2PA is submitted under the coordination of Indonesian Center for Agriculture Socio Economic and Policy Studies (ICASEPS).


IPARD General Meeting is an institution that has the highest authority that conducted at least 2 (two) times a year. General meeting are more familiar called General Meeting Council that consist of 1st Semester of General Meeting Council and 2nd Semester of General Meeting Council. In case of issues that are deemed necessary can also be conducted Extraordinary General Meeting Council.

1st Semester of General Meeting Council had a major agenda of discussing Indonesian Research Institutes for Estate Crops (IRIEC) accountability for performance and set forth in the Annual Report of IRIEC. While the 2nd one is to discuss work plan and budget of IRIEC and its research centers institutes. Extraordinary General Meeting Council may be implemented when proposed by 2/3 of the total number of members of IPARD.


IPARD members is affiliated enterprises within the Joint Association of Indonesian Plantation Research

  • PT Perkebunan Nusantara I
  • PT Perkebunan Nusantara II
  • PT Perkebunan Nusantara III
  • PT Perkebunan Nusantara IV
  • PT Perkebunan Nusantara V
  • PT Perkebunan Nusantara VI
  • PT Perkebunan Nusantara VII
  • PT Perkebunan Nusantara VIII (Ketua RA APPI)
  • PT Perkebunan Nusantara IX
  • PT Perkebunan Nusantara X
  • PT Perkebunan Nusantara XI
  • PT Perkebunan Nusantara XII
  • PT Perkebunan Nusantara XIII
  • PT Perkebunan Nusantara XIV
  • PT Rajawali Nusantara Indonesia


Board of Trustees

Board of Trustees consists of 5 government representatives who are assigned by the Minister concerned.

Task Board of Trustees:

  1. Directing general strategy policy of IRIEC management and its research centers and recommend it to the IPARD General Meeting.
  2. Maintaining the financial health of IRIEC and its research centers units together with IPARD members.
  3. Providing reports, suggestions, and opinions to the related minister about the IRIEC policy management.

Chairman and Members of the Board of Trustees:

Dr. Ir. S. Gatot Irianto, MS

Chairman of the Board of Trustees LRPI

Director General of Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (IAARD)

Ir Ahmad Manggabarani


Director General of Plantations at Agriculture Ministry

Soedjai Kartasasmita


Chairman of KADIN Indonesia, Division of Forestry and Plantation

Ir Benny Wahyudi


Director General for Agro & Chemical, Ministry of Industry

Dr. Agus Pakpahan


Deputy State Minister for Agro-industry, Forestry, Pulp, Printing & Publication